around 750,000 CEST results will need to be re-examined, alongside thousands of blanket decisions made by organisations like the NHS. This interpretation of MOO was repeated by chancellor Philip Hammond in a letter to the environment secretary, Michael Gove: “Mutuality of obligation refers to any existing agreement where an individual provides services and receives payment for doing so – better understood as a contract existing between the two parties. CEST assumes as its starting point that a contract either exists or is being discussed.” Financial secretary to the Treasury, Mel Stride, also repeated this interpretation in a letter to many constituents. Dave Chaplin said: “We doubt the Chancellor or the Financial Secretary to the Treasury have any idea about what MOO is which is why they appear happy to trot out – albeit unwittingly – HMRC’s falsehoods regarding MOO and CEST. “HMRC has been propagating its erroneous claims to public authorities and IR35 Forum members of late, but it’s a grave concern when these false claims are coming from the country’s key economic and fiscal decision makers. Questions must be asked.” Chaplin has called for a full inquiry before any further changes to IR35 are considered. IR35 seeks to prove that workers are employees, and should be taxed as such. HMRC inspectors can disregard written contracts through intermediaries and consider the actual working practises to decipher whether a person should be classed as an employee. According to ContractCalculator, MOO means that the employer would be obliged to offer work, and the worker would be obliged to accept.
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