A founder builds a business, and their successors break itWe’ve heard stories like the one above too many times to count. One generation built great business success, and the next one destroyed it. It wasn’t because the latter was lazy or incompetent, but because essential conversations about family business succession sat on the back burner until it was too late. When the unexpected happens, the business can be left reeling. Key positions can be undetermined, authority is sometimes never handed down, and the succeeding generation is left struggling to pick up the pieces. In failing to plan, the family business planned to fail.
Succession plans worldwideSurveys show that nearly half of the family businesses in the U.S. have a written succession plan in place. In Canada, that proportion appears to be similar. On closer inspection, however, a mere 17% of Canadian family business owners have taken the time to capture that plan in writing. In practical terms, that puts Canada in a much more precarious position than her neighbour to the south. In Latin America, matters are even worse: a mere 9.9% of family businesses have a plan for successfully transitioning into the next generation. China is only marginally better at a flat 10%.
‘A global crisis’According to this brief overview of the available research, failure to plan for succession represents a global crisis amongst family business owners.
“We can’t attribute to this phenomenon merely to cultural context. Instead, it is a universal product of the intense interpersonal dynamics that emerge in any workplace—especially one made up of family members working in close proximity.”To solve this problem, a stern warning alone such as, “write your succession plan or else face the consequences,” will no longer suffice. Family business owners need to see, understand, and overcome the obstacles that stand between them and a formal plan. In helping owners sort through their struggles with succession, I’ve identified 5 common mistakes family business owners usually make, here they are, perhaps they can help your family business run more smoothly:
1. Lack of TimeAs Michael Gerber has observed in his book The E-Myth Revisited, most business owners spend too much time working IN their business, leaving little time to work ON their business. The pressing matters of the day inevitably swamp long-term discussions about succession.
2. Overwhelming ComplexitySuccession planning takes time, diligence, and close attention to detail. The intricacy of the process can quickly overwhelm even the most detail-oriented business owner. Not sure where to start, many put it off until they no longer have a choice.
3. Lack of Communication70% of family businesses will fail in their second generation. Of those, 60% attribute their failure to communication woes. Especially in family-owned businesses, unhealthy patterns of communication will present severe challenges to developing a comprehensive plan.
4. Interpersonal ConflictFamily dynamics don’t just cut off communication. They also give rise to conflicting loyalties amongst employees. To plan well, owners need to negotiate a middle ground with care. Often, the impasse created by these tense dynamics shuts down planning altogether.
5. The Ostrich SyndromeTo plan for succession, an owner has to admit that he or she won’t be around forever. For some, this triggers an existential struggle. Rather than face up to the fact that life will go on without them, they bury their head in the sand and carry on without a second thought about the future.
Be responsible…The stakes for family business owners are abundantly clear: fail to plan, and you will plan to fail. That much is beyond dispute. To succeed into the second generation and beyond, owners must provide a comprehensive plan. They don’t just owe it to their successors, but to themselves and their employees as well. When it comes time to pass the torch, nothing could be more important than a clear set of instructions to help light the way.
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