In a partnership two businesses have decided that it will be mutually beneficial tocollaborate in order to grow both companies. The mutuality aspect is obvious at the outsetbut often becomes lost as time goes on. This challenge is often exacerbated when onecompany is significantly larger than the other because what is seen as acceptable growthmay differ on either side of the relationship.
Where a large manufacturer is concerned thatthe distributor is not capable of growing at the pace required all too often decisions aremade to side-line or even drop the partner and this may eventually prove to be mistaken. Smaller distributors offer a number of valuable aspects to any network including loyalty,innovation and market intelligence. Using a smaller distributor means that themanufacturer represents a significant proportion of their turnover and this in effect meansthat they will act almost as a de facto subsidiary: holding cushion stocks, buying early etc. Therefore, taking the decision to side-line or cut such a partner is risky.
The larger dealer who might be considered as a replacement will not display the abovebehaviour and in fact it is quite common for the role to be reversed and the manufacturer isAsked to dance to the tune of the dealer. In the final analysis the manufacturer needs toknow that the majority of the relationships within its global sales network are solid and willhold in good times and bad, otherwise the validity of longer term planning is suspect.
I mentioned innovation and this is a huge benefit of good partnership. The “Lead User”concept (pioneered by companies such as 3M) states that the people who best know yourproducts are the end-users and that you should seek out leading examples to road test newconcepts as part of your R&D programme. This is fascinating and will be dealt with in a laterpost. At this stage we need to simply recognise that the lead users are customers of yourdistributor and committed partners will be motivated to reach out to such leaders to initiateprojects with your products to try to better fit the benefits into the local context.
Read more about partnerships:
- Ten examples of why co-founding and partnerships work
- Partnerships can be a catalyst to success
- Joys and perils of a business partnership
- Examples of partnership businesses
Sales areAlways “local” at the end of the day and many companies fail to properly recognise and acton that concept. The local distributor is your representative in front of the end users andcan directly affect the success of your products therefore. As the dealers come tounderstand the mode of action of your technologies better they can even propose newformulations or blends of products or indeed new applications. Once you reach that level (lets call it Top Level) the partnership has become more than the sum of its parts and offerstrue value to both parties.
A CEO once said to me that if you need to write a distribution agreement then that is theend of the partnership. Whilst I fully understand the sentiment behind the statement,Agreements are necessary and offer a degree of certainty to both parties that is importantfor planning. That said, where a top level partnership exists a large degree of flexibilityshould be exercised when interpreting recent performance compared to the text of thedocument.
“No plan survives contact with the enemy” is a paraphrase from Field MarshallHelmuth von Moltke that has been reinterpreted many times over the years since and isextremely relevant to any budget or business plan today. Even the best, most committedpartner may have challenging years often for reasons beyond its control and truepartnership behaviour demands that empathy is shown at that time.
Indeed where top level partnership exists, a bad year will not come as a shock in month 12 because constant, honest feedback will have been forthcoming throughout the year. Such feedback allows for adjustment of forecasts and perhaps redistribution of resources toother markets to help compensate for the lost performance. Just as with any otherrelationship in life, the successful riding of a storm often strengthens the bond and makesthe partnership even more powerful going forward.
Most distribution bosses are continually concerned that the manufacturer will eventually look tosell direct in the market and cut them out. This in my opinion will later be seen as a mistakemore often than not. Manufacturers must recognise the value that local dealers offer;fundamentally in the goodwill that they have earned over many years and also the risks thatthey take with payment from end-users, for example. All this will land in the lap of themanufacturer once the decision is made to go direct. Not to mention the fixed costs that will now be required for local staff and facilities. Overall, growth via a network of loyal, top level partners is less risky and more reliable andtherefore should form an important part of most business strategies.