Obesity, floods and dementia: What we can expect in 2045

While women will still struggle in the workforce, women’s participation in politics will accelerate. “Women’s participation in politics has accelerated during the last decade with the proportion of women in national assemblies increasing from 11.6 per cent in 1995 to 18.4 per cent in 2008,” the report states. ”Since 2004, the proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments has increased by two per cent in developing as well as developed countries. If this trend continues, there would be an additional ten per cent of such seats by 2045.”

Furthermore, “it is likely that by 2045 all formal barriers to women being involved in ‘front-line’ combat will be eliminated in most developed countries’ armed forces. Mimicking changes in militaries, it is also probable that in 2045, armed resistance movements and terrorist groups will include greater numbers of women than at present.”

The MoD takes note that migration is likely to increase and that those countries attempting to limit immigration will be unsuccessful. This will shake up the demographic everywhere.

When it comes to transport, the Google driverless car will be a mere dream as unmanned systems will play key roles in 2045, with new developments in super-sonic flight “making sub-orbital space transport a commercial reality in the next 30 years.”

The ability to export, however, could be in jeopardy. On current forecasts, the tonnage of goods transported by sea is likely to double within the next 30 years. “Shipping is also likely to be safer than ever before, driven by more accurate long-range weather forecasts and improved ship construction and operating procedures. As such, a significant amount of the world’s economy would depend upon maritime trade – some countries could face major financial crises if sea transport became significantly disrupted. If tensions rose between countries near to a vital maritime choke point, particularly if threats to block the sea lane were made, the international community would almost certainly act”

And the world of tech, once again, seems to have advanced at a monumental pace.

In 2000, the highest performing processors achieved levels of computation equivalent to that of a spider – today they are close to being as powerful as the brain of a mouse. The report explains that “if processing power continues to grow at its current rate (doubling every three years), by 2023 some computers could have the processing power of the human brain and by 2045 they could be 100,000 times more powerful.If quantum computing becomes a reality, even these extraordinary figures could be exceeded.”

The development of quantum computing could be a revolution in cyber security “through harnessing quantum cryptography, to guarantee the security of a message while detecting eavesdropping.”

In 2000, 25 per cent of the world’s information was stored digitally: today it is more than 98 per cent. If the MoD is right, then by 2045 there will be 20,000 times more digital information than there is today.

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