(1) Making an R&D claim can be well worth the effort
For every £100 of qualifying R&D expenditure relief is available at £26.00 and £33.35 for profit-making and loss-making SMEs respectively.
(2) “But we don’t wear lab coats”
The government applies a much wider definition of R&D than is often initially thought. What qualifies as R&D for tax purposes is almost always broader than a company would see as its “pure” R&D. Any company in any sector could be eligible to claim if investing in or developing technological capabilities.
(3) What’s in a name?
An “SME” for R&D purposes is broadly a group with less than 500 employees and €100m turnover globally. Remember this definition isn’t necessarily the same as that used by other government agencies or HMRC for other purposes.
(4) Track your investments and investors
When considering if you’re an SME for R&D purposes you need to include any proportion of the results of any company that has a shareholding of 25 per cent or more in your company and/or any company you hold a 25 per cent share in.
(5) It may be challenging to find the funds to pay directors for their time…
… but if there’s no payments then the value of their time can be lost, so it’s worth considering whether this investment can be reflected in the financials.
Read more about R&D tax:
- The benefits of R&D tax relief versus grants
- How can you tell if your company will qualify for R&D tax relief?
- R&D tax credits: What you need to know
(6) Watch out for grants!
Believe it or not, you can be significantly better off claiming R&D tax relief. Grants can come in many forms (capital grants, revenue grants, notified state aid, etc.) and all can have adverse impacts on your R&D claim.
(7) The claiming window may still be open
You have two years after the end of the relevant accounting period to make a claim, which means you can still claim now for prior periods.
(8) But don’t rush it
R&D claims impact the tax paid by your company, group companies and joint ventures in the current period, prior period and future periods, so ensure you get a clear picture of the implications of using R&D reliefs.
(9) Make sure you have adequate records
While there’s no specific record keeping requirement for R&D tax relief claims per se, there is a general HMRC requirement to keep sufficient records to support the claim. It’s good practice to maintain records of technological advances sought and to help identify eligibility.
(10) Don’t be intimidated by the claims process
The government is actively encouraging SMEs to make R&D tax relief claims – so don’t let the thought of making a claim put you off and remember that there is no minimum level of qualifying R&D costs required.
Furthermore, Brian Williamson suggests that tax credits can help boost cashflow among innovative SMEs.
Samantha Day is a tax partner at KPMG Enterprise.
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